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Kavkazskaya Ovcharka : Earliest Domesticated Dog ?
The skulls of two Stone Age dogs believed to be the earliest known canines on record have been found, according to a team of Russian scientists. The dog duo, which lived approximately 14,000 years ago, appear to represent the first step of domestication from their wild wolf ancestors.

Mikhail Sablin, a scientist at the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, along with his colleague Gennady Khlopachev, analyzed the dog remains, which were found at the Eliseevichi I site in the Bryansk region of Russia's central plain, according to an Informnauka press agency release.

"We suggest that the dogs looked like present-day Tibetan mastiffs or Caucasian sheep dogs," Sablin told Discovery News. "The dogs had a much wider palate and shorter rostrum than Siberian huskies and Great Danes. The reconstructed withers height is about 70 cm (27.56 inches), therefore the dogs belonged to a very strange and dangerous heavy hunting/guarding breed."

Early Kavkazets
Stone Age Dog Skull
This is a side view of one of the Stone Age domesticated dogs. The researchers point out the dog's relatively short snout, which distinguished them from their wild wolf ancestors.

Susan Crockford, an archaeozoologist at Pacific Identifications, Inc., a firm that specializes in identification of birds and animals from archaeological remains, agreed that the Russian dogs "are certainly the oldest complete skulls from this early period," and said, "…the evidence is good that these are truly domestic dogs."

She added that other, slightly later, dog remains have been found in Israel, Germany and the Czech Republic but, "I think (the Eliseevichi dogs) remind us that there must be many more than one center of domestication, and not just the Middle East as was once thought."

Links for More Information :

Eliseevichi Dogs­briefs/20030505/earlydog.html

The Pleistocene : Dog Domestication

Neanderthals and Dogs

DNA Study Traces Canine Family Tree

Dogs evolved from handful of wolves
A litter of gems born to ZHANKRIST Talgo x LEYLA Hunza ! Mom and pups are doing fine. Look for photos soon in the gallery.

The puppies from this litter are reserved, so please see the Puppies 4 Sale section for other upcoming planned breedings :
Baby BARHAN Arrives at Esquire !
Just as the year 2004 drew to a close, we imported the fabulous male puppy BARHAN Medvezhyi Ugol ! BARHAN is a descendant of the very famous and rare BOSMAN bloodline from Russia.

Here he is just prior to leaving for the airport :

A video of BARHAN is at :

After watching the baby BARHAN video, check out the other new Esquire videos, too !

Still working on site!
Still working on site. The Program and Health portions are done, and Awards and Temperament are next! Thank you for viewing. Please stop back again soon.
Esquire Caucasians website renovation!
Breed information, articles, planned litter announcements coming soon!
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